Should I Give My Dog CBD?

CBD Oil for Dogs

Researchers have made significant progress in proving that cannabidiol is safe and effective for your pets, specifically dogs. Due to its non-psychoactive healing properties, many people are giving their canines CBD to treat various ailments. How do you know if CBD can help your hurting pup? Take a look at the top health issues plaguing man’s best friend and see how CBD could be the best treatment for them.

CBD for Dog Cancer

Researcher’s at the Ohio State University found that CBD compounds, “have been shown to possess anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic effects in vitro as well as in vivo in different cancer models.” In translation, cannabidiol manages the cell pathways that are vital to cell survival and growth; this means they will also stop metastasis (the spread of cancer through the bloodstream). 

There is not much research on CBD for dogs with cancer. However, there is evidence that suggests it can be an effective treatment. Take Larry’s story, for example. His dog Kai was given three months to live in April due to a tumor in his neck. The only options Larry faced were watching his beloved Kai suffer a painful death, put him to sleep, or perform a risky surgery that would cost $5,000 and would not have guaranteed success. Feeling defeated, Larry did some research and found CBD. Come July, “Some of his smaller tumors disappeared. The big one is still there, but it stopped growing.” Larry credits tinctures high in CBD for his dog’s surviving over a year after he was given only a few months.

For more inspiring testimonials, click here or here.  

CBD Oil for Dog Arthritis

It’s not uncommon for older dogs to experience arthritis, similar to humans. Arthritis is inflammation in the joints, which seems simple but has complicated effects. An otherwise healthy dog’s quality of life will diminish due to the chronic pain that comes with arthritis. 

The traditional medications prescribed by vets to relieve pain in canines don’t have the same direct effect that CBD does. Because cannabidiol is a potent anti-inflammatory, it cuts right to the chase. A group of scientists from the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology studied the progression of arthritis in diagnosed rats after administering CBD and the results were profound. Not only did their treatment reduce the damage in the rat’s joints, it protects them from further inflammation and deterioration. 

It makes sense that arthritis is most common among in elderly and obese canines due to the wear and tear their bodies have placed on their joints, causing them to become inflamed. These dogs are already high risk and the synthetic salicylates or “doggy aspirins” that vets commonly prescribe puts them in more danger. The problem with aspirin is that it thins the blood, making k-9s susceptible to bleeding out from a harmless wound or bleeding internally. Erosion of the stomach and liver have also been reported from long-term use. 

Join Carole and many other dog owners who have seen significant improvement in their dog’s health and quality with CBD.

CBD for Dog Anxiety

If your dog hides during thunderstorms, whines when you are away or is skittish in new surroundings, they might have anxiety! It’s perfectly normal and entirely treatable. Some dogs are unable to take long-established “doggie downers” because of preexisting health conditions and some owners aren’t keen on their side effects. This is where CBD comes in.

Because it’s an anxiolytic agent, cannabidiol is an all natural anti-anxiety supplement. In 2012, the  Laboratory of Panic and Respiration conducted an experiment in which they restrained two groups of mice, one group was injected with CBD and the other was not. The study concluded that CBD blocked panic-like responses and flight responses to the brain. Leaving the medicated mice cool, calm and collected while the others struggled to break free. The conclusion of this experiment provides overwhelming evidence that CBD is an effective anti-anxiety solution for animals. 

CBD for Dog Seizures

Seizures are one of the most commonly reported neurological conditions in dogs. Although there are many treatments for epileptic dogs such as Phenobarbital, Diazepam and Potassium Bromide,   they come with irreversible side effects and a hefty price tag. Some of the side effects include lack of coordination, lethargy, irritability and even liver disease. Fortunately, there’s a safer and cheaper alternative. 

Phenobarbital and its constituents are costly, dangerous and sometimes ineffective. Recent reports show that CBD is a has an extensive anticonvulsant profile that naturally adheres to cannabinoid receptors; unlike the synthetic medications. All mammals have an endocannabinoid system to maintain homeostasis through cannabinoids that are produced internally. Further stimulating these receptors with outside cannabinoids such as CBD is at the forefront of seizure treatment research today. 

Studies show that patients who used the hemp-derived alternative to nurse epileptic episodes have never reported an increase in symptoms. That fact alone should help you rest assured your pup’s brain chemistry can only improve with CBD.  

Why Do Certain Strains Affect People Differently?

Why Do Certain Strains Affect People Differently?

Most people familiar with cannabis culture are probably familiar with the distinctions that differentiate indica and sativa strains of the plant. Typically, the general consensus preaches that most indica strains of cannabis possess calming, sedative effects (attributed to higher CBD content), whilst most sativa strains possess alerting, more stimulating effects (attributed to higher THC content). On paper these distinctions may seem to be helpful rules of thumb, but the reality is far from being that binary or black & white.

Cannabis fundamentally takes effect in the body through it’s Endocannabinoid System, and every individual ECS can react to the same strains in uniquely varying ways. It can be chalked up to a few scientific reasons why this is so, all of which will be overviewed in the following informational blog. Read on below to learn more.

Biochemistry

Some people may have a high propensity to soda or coffee before they really feel a caffeine buzz jolt their system, but for others, one can or cup may be enough to send them over the edge. Ergo, some people may be lightweights with their alcohol and only take two beers to feel tipsy, whereas others may be like the late, great Andre The Giant (figuratively) and last seemingly endlessly before the slightest trace of inebriation sets in. Cannabis is no different; much like any drug, tolerance and sensitivity to it varies differently with every individual.

This is where the ECS comes in, yet again. Though it is an omnipresent force active in every living, breathing mammal, genetics, physical and mental health (both of which will be further elaborated upon below), and chemical alterations can all make these neurotransmitter networks’ properties fluctuate wildly from individual to individual. It’s why certain strains can palliate depression, anxiety, or mental health issues for some, but worsen them for others, why we can tolerate the THC compound content in cannabis without any lethal outcomes, but our pets can’t, and why dosage needs for medicinal cannabis may radically vary. While there are general trends and rules of thumb, they are, at the end of the day, rules of thumb: no two individuals ECS are 100% identical.

Genetics

Biochemical alterations are elements which, to a degree, can be influenced by our own volition: diet, extraneous drug use, and even prior cannabis use history can all sway how an individual’s ECS reacts to a medical cannabis strain, and these are all elements which are within an individual’s control. That being said, some of it comes down less to a carefully curated deck, but more to a random roll of the dice; the body’s ECS is molded in a myriad of ways by hereditary genetic factors, largely out of our hands.

Some of the adverse mental health effects of cannabis, for instance (namely pertaining to anxiety, bi-polar disorder, and psychosis), may be attributed to a single gene variation. Such variations have also been linked to level of lucidity through cannabis highs, and in about 1/5th of Americans, higher cannabinoid content than average. In the grand scope of medicine, this research is in it’s relative infancy (beginning with Raphael Mecholaum’s findings in the 1960s), but what we do know so far sparks undeniable promise and excitement.

The Individual

Biological males and biological females naturally possess innate hormonal differences from birth, perhaps most evidently in testosterone and estrogen, but these hormonal differences also interplay with cannabis in a multitude of intricate, nuanced, beneficial, or more detrimental ways. For instance, the female brain has been observed to have higher cannabinoid density than the male brain, meaning that they have increased cannabinoid sensitivity, but interestingly, males are typically more susceptible to feeling the effects of munchies (increased appetite following a cannabis high) than women.

At the moment, little is known about exactly why this is so, but research literature has illuminated an interesting overview of cannabis’ interactions with sexual health. Given the psychoactive compound THC’s intimate relationship with estrogen, potent cannabis reactions are naturally strengthened through female ovulation, when hormone levels reach their utmost peak. Conversely, older studies have posited the argument that marijuana contributes to sperm count decline in men, but now that researchers have the freedom to experiment with sober human ECS models, newer research has indicated the contrary, with one recent Harvard study observing a notable 38% increase in sperm concentration.

Overall Health

The entire purpose of the Endocannabinoid System is to serve as a stepping stone to move the body closer toward homeostasis, balance, and equilibrium. Obviously, those who suffer from chronic illness (whether physical or psychological) will not have the standard healthy baseline of balance that people who don’t have these disorders will possess.

Rather than bring forth a discombolating high, the cannabis will be more likely to move these individual’s conditions closer to normalcy, and we believe that all people should have the privilege to experience this normalcy, free of suffering. If you live in Canada, we highly implore that you get started by visiting our Shop page, and ordering a product that’s right for you.

Which Marijuana Strains are Best for Anxiety?

Marijuana is used for a variety of reasons. Some consume marijuana for its euphoric high, to get work done, to stimulate creativity and to socialize. Others utilize the plant for its medicinal purposes. Marijuana has proven to treat a wide variety of illnesses and ailments including depression, nausea, chronic pain, and inflammation. Particularly, it’s used by many who suffer from varying degrees of anxiety. If you are considering utilizing cannabis to help treat anxiety, look no further. We’ve outlined how the plant interacts with your body, what some of the best strains are for anxiety relief, and other marijuana-related anxiety treatments.

How Exactly Does Marijuana Help Anxiety?

There are compounds found in marijuana called cannabinoids. When consumed, these cannabinoids attach to multiple “cannabinoid receptors” in the brain. The most common cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

These cannabinoids bind to a receptor called cannabinoid receptor type 1, also known as CB1. CB1 receptors are found in large numbers in parts of the brain that asses for threats and manage fear responses. When the cannabinoids are bound to CB1, the brain appears to decrease its reaction to threats, this facilitates the anxiety relief many feel from marijuana.

What Dosage is Best?

Although cannabis use helps to relieve anxiety when its cannabinoids are bound to CB1, it is important to note that your dosage must be kept within the correct limits to make sure your anxiety doesn’t get worse.

With the regular consumption of THC your number of CB1 receptors actually decreases. This means that your brain is now less sensitive to its natural endocannabinoids, making it more likely to have an increase in day-to-day anxieties. If you plan to utilize marijuana to help cope with anxiety, you need to be mindful of your dosage, frequency of use, and the type of marijuana you are consuming.

One way to control for this is by utilizing strains that have lower THC content and higher CBD content, as CBD appears to fight the anxiety-inducing parts of THC. Many people don’t realize that there are now strains that have little to no THC. These strains are real game changers for those who suffer from anxiety, but that doesn’t mean that they are the only options. Many other strains containing THC work just as well.

Which Strains are Best?

Currently, we offer 15 different strains that are great for reducing anxiety symptoms. Of that list, we’ve outlined some of our favorites below.

King’s Kush

This is our most popular anxiety-reducing strain by far. This strain, bred by Green House Seeds, comes from the OG Kush and Grape Ape strains. The flower is known for its potency and shiny trichomes. The first effects of King’s Kush begin with an elevated mood and then are followed with a full body melt.

Details

THC content: 21.7%
CBD content: 0.1%
Strain type: Indica
Grade: AA

Flavors

Earthy, sweet, and grape-like.

Effects

This strain will make you feel relaxed, sleepy, euphoric, uplifted, and hungry.

Other Medical Uses

This strain is also great for depression, insomnia, pain, nausea, and muscle spasms.

Sour Tangie

This strain comes from DNA Genetics and is an 80% cross between the Tangie and East Coast Sour Diesel strains. Sour Tangie combines the classic Sour Diesel aroma with Tangie’s elevating buzz and citrus flavors.

Details

THC content: 26.7%

CBD content: 0.1%
Strain type: Sativa-dominant hybrid (80% sativa, 20% indica)

Flavors

Orange, sour citrus, earthy, and diesel.

Effects

This strain will make you feel happy, uplifted, euphoric, energetic, and relaxed.

Other Medical Uses

This strain is also great for depression, fatigue, pain, and inflammation.

Blue Cheese

Blue Cheese is a favorite among cannabis enthusiasts and it’s easy to see why. A cross between the male Blueberry (Indica) and female Cheese (Hybrid) strains from the UK, it brings forward a strong combination of blueberry and cheese in flavor. Its Indica-dominant classification will provide you with the perfect balance of relaxation and stimulation.

Details

THC content: 20%
CBD content: 0.1%
Strain type: Indica Hybrid (80% Indica, 20% Sativa)
Grade: AAA

Flavors

Fruity (blueberry), cheese, musty, hash-like.

Effects

This strain will make you feel happy, uplifted, energetic, euphoric, and relaxed.

Other Medical Uses

This strain is also great for depression, fatigue, pain, and inflammation.

Pink Starburst

Named after the best starburst out there (and you can fight us about that), this strain smells just as good as it sounds. Pink Starburst is a cross between Headband (which makes the consumer feel like they’re wearing a headband while high) and DJ Short Blueberry to provide maximum potency and flavor.

Details

THC content: 24.7%
CBD content: 0.1%
Strain type: Indica
Grade: AAA

Flavors

Earth, floral, candy-like, and berry.

Effects

This strain will make you feel relaxed, focused, euphoric, uplifted, and happy.

Other Medical Uses

This strain is also great for depression, fatigue, nausea, and lack of appetite.

Lemon Thai

This strain is produced by Dutch Flowers and is great for those looking for extra creative insight. Lemon Thai is a cross between Hawaiian strain and Thai sativa. This strain leaves you clear-minded and calm, allowing you to go about your normal day without feeling overwhelmed or weighed down.

Details

THC content: 27.1%
CBD content: 0.1%
Strain type: Sativa

Flavors

Citrus, sour lemon, mint, and herbal.

Effects

This strain will make you feel happy, euphoric, energetic, focused, thoughtful, and relaxed.

Other Medical Uses

This strain is also great for depression, fatigue, inflammation, and pain.

Amnesia Haze

A two-time Cannabis Cup winner (1st place 2004, 1st place Sativa Cup 2012), Amnesia Haze is definitely one you need to try out. Its strong lineage has been traced back to South Asia and Jamaica and has an energetic, uplifting buzz to provide the perfect start to your day. Despite its name, Amnesia Haze won’t leave with you a severely impaired memory due to its sativa potency.

Details

THC content: 25.7%
CBD content: 0.1%
Strain type: Sativa
Grade: AAA

Flavors

Citrus (lemon) and earthy.

Effects

This strain will make you feel happy, euphoric, uplifted, and energetic.

Other Medical Uses

This strain is also great for depression, pain, headaches, and lack of appetite.

King Louis XIII

If you consider yourself an OG Kush enthusiast, this strain is for you. King Louis XIII is a result of the crossbreed of OG Kush and LA Confidential. Hailing from southern California, this strain can only be found in select dispensaries and we are so stoked to carry it.

Details

THC content: 24.9%
CBD content: 0.1%
Strain type: Indica
Grade: AAA

Flavors

Earthy, pine, woody, skunk, and diesel.

Effects

This strain will make you feel happy, euphoric, relaxed, sleepy, and hungry.

Other Medical Uses

This strain is also great for depression, insomnia, lack of appetite, pain, and muscle spasms.

Do all of these strains sound way too good? Are you having trouble narrowing down which ones you want to try? Consider checking out our roulettes! We offer a 7 Strain Roulette which contains 14 grams total of seven of our most popular strains including Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid Strains. We also offer a Seven Gram Flower Roulette which contains seven grams from a wide variety of our strains.

Don’t Forget About CBD Products

CBD is the incredibly valuable cannabinoid in the marijuana plant that is responsible for it’s anxiety relieving properties. CBD not only helps to alleviate symptoms of anxiety, but it’s even thought to alter serotonin signals for the better, helping with depression (which is commonly found alongside anxiety.) It also assists in nausea, chronic pain, and inflammation.

If you’re looking for other options, consider a product like CBD Isolate. This fine white powder contains 99% pure CBD. By isolating the compound, all oils, waxes, chlorophyll and plant material are removed so the only thing left behind is the ever-valuable CBD. By having this compound in isolated form, it’s also much easier to properly administer a dose.

Coming soon to our site, we will also have other CBD products such as Phoenix Tears (a full-spectrum CBD Hemp Oil), CBD pills, and CBD-focused flower.

About Terra

If you’re searching for a place to buy marijuana online, look no further. Terra is Canada’s leading online marijuana dispensary that ships directly to you, no matter where you are in the country. We provide fast and discreet shipping on all of our products. Ordering with us is as simple as signing up for an account, placing your order, and submitting payment via e-transfer.

Check out our wide selection of flower, concentrates, edibles, and vape pens. If you’re having trouble deciding or have questions about any of our marijuana products, hit us up and we’d be happy to lend a hand.

Intro to Microdosing Marijuana

You’ve probably heard the saying “you can never have too much of a good thing.” It’s great to indulge in simple things like good food, and now that Canada has legalized cannabis nationwide, good weed.

If you are thinking of trying cannabis for the first time or haven’t used any in a while, there are a few things to keep in mind. “Start low, and go slow” was one of my favorite sayings as a budtender. There’s no need to try to smoke all the weed at once. Take your time and find the right amount for you. If you’re familiar with high culture, you may have already heard of people “microdosing” psychedelics such as psilocybin mushrooms for mental health benefits. The same micro dosing technique can be used with THC to improve quality of life.

As the name implies, the practice of microdosing entails ingesting small quantities of a substance, in this case, THC. Enough to experience sustained relief, but not enough to set on the reactive, mind-altering effects of a high which could interfere with your day to day routine. Much of the publicity surrounding the trend typically focuses on hallucinogenics, but for those who want the benefits of THC, microdosing cannabis has become increasingly popular.

How to Microdose Marijuana

The first step in microdosing cannabis is determining the optimal dose to suit your needs. Unfortunately, decades of criminalization has made it difficult for scientists to pinpoint one “magic number” for dosage. CBD and THC affect individual endocannabinoid systems differently, and these effects can uniquely vary with liver metabolism, genetics, weight, mood, as well as prior cannabis use history, meaning that there is no one “right” dose for everyone.

Long story short, the “right” microdose depends on the person, and finding your own is a matter of patience, guesswork, and careful experimentation. Typically, the recommended numbers from experts are to microdose with 2.5mg, 5mg, or 10mg of THC, sustain that number over three days minimum to notice changes, and to incrementally increase that dose if needed. For more thorough estimates, we recommend Cheri Sicard’s free Marijuana Dosing Class and Calculator, both available here.

Strain selection is another important factor when determining your microdosing schedule. If you are someone who wants to use THC in the morning to help your energy throughout the workday, sativa-dominant strains are recommended because of their uplifting and energetic effects. If you are a more anxious person and need something to help you stay focused and relaxed, an indica-dominant strain would be more helpful.

From there, you’ll want to determine your preferred method of ingesting the microdose, and much like the dosing process, there is no one “right” form of ingestion. However, some forms may meet your personal preferences better than others. Smoking and vaping can be an effective way to absorb THC into your lung’s cannabinoid receptors for direct, immediate effect, though it can be difficult to estimate the THC content through this method. One or two puffs could be sufficient, though, for more precision, you may want to use a one-hitter pipe, tailor-made for quick, short-term consumption. The major benefit of smoking is that your body also gets the benefits of the terpenes that marijuana possesses.

For more sustained, long-term, and full body relief, cannabis edibles can be a great option, but you have to calculate the dosing carefully. Unlike smoking, edibles from a dispensary have precise amounts of THC per peice. Because edibles metabolize uniquely in the liver, it takes far longer to set in, about an hour to an hour and a half after ingesting. The high will start to set in and will stay present for about 2-4 hours.  If you prefer to microdose using cannabis-infused edibles, we recommend that you start with small, carefully-portioned bites and taking them about the same time of day for predictable results.

For the most precise measurements, we highly recommend that users start with tincture products. Like smoking, sublingual oil application via placing droplets under the tongue can induce near immediate effect without smoking or vaping. The one drawback is that oils are usually THC isolate meaning that you are getting the only THC and not the additional benefits of the naturally occurring terpenes. However, as previously stated, the way you microdose is ultimately a matter of personal preference.

Why You Should Microdose Marijuana

While more research still needs to be conducted, there is more and more evidence coming out supporting THC usage and its positive effects. A Washington State University study with 1300 participants demonstrated significant anxiety and depression reduction through microdosing. A separate trial observing cancer patients found that those given the lowest amount of a THC/CBD compound exhibited the least pain, and though the results have yet to be clinically replicated in humans, one mice study even found that frequent low doses of THC reversed age-related memory loss, a potentially profound insight for treating dementia, Alzheimer’s, CTE, or other neurodegenerative disorders. The reasons for microdosing THC may vary, but the results are consistent.

Top 5 Cannabis Podcasts

As the cannabis industry quickly expands, there is so much information to take in and so little time. Fortunately, marijuana experts and advocates found an adequate space to share cannabis culture.

Podcasts are becoming a preferred way to consume content because of their ability to fit into our busy day to day schedules. If you are on your way to work, going to the gym or packing a bowl, podcasts are a great way to keep up with relevant cannabis conversations.

Whether you’re looking to learn how to grow a potent strain or want to stay up to date on the industry, let our top 5 cannabis podcasts be your daily medicine.

What Are You Smoking

Link to Podcast

If you are looking to get ahead in the cannabis industry, Leafly’s ‘What Are You Smoking’ podcast is a must listen. Leafly is the world’s largest cannabis information resource; they pack their episodes with advice from all angles of the industry.

A group of cannabis specialists at Leafly alternate hosting the show. Every week they sit down with farmers, activists, entrepreneurs, lawyers, and budtenders to bring you accurate and up to date information about cannabis.    

Weed + Grub

Link to Podcast

Grab a snack because this one is going to give you the munchies. Mike Glazer and Mary Jane Gibson are foodies as well as cannabis lovers who started the podcast, ‘Weed and Grub.’

The duo inhale food and smoke while talking about cooking, pot and cooking with pot.

Both Mike and Mary Jane (yes, that’s her real name) have some actual street credit. Mike tells stories about smoking with Snoop Dog and cooking for chef Gordan Ramsey. After working as a writer/Editor for marijuana super mag., ‘High Times,’ Mary Jane was named one of “15 Most Powerful Women In Cannabis” by Complex.

Cheap Home Grow

Link to Podcast

I’m sure we can all admit we have found pot seeds at the bottom of our baggy and attempted to plant them. Unfortunately, cultivating a worthwhile strain is much more complicated than that.

As a vetted cannabis journalist turned grower, Shane McCormick weighs in on the do’s and don’ts of growing marijuana. Thanks to his podcast, Cheap Home Grow, beginner growers can learn step-by-step how to bloom the perfect flower.

Getting Doug with High

Link to Podcast

The host of this podcast, Doug Benson, is a cannabis sommelier who you probably recognize from the documentary, Super High Me. When he’s not getting high for research purposes, Doug is smoking and interviewing celebs on his show, Getting Doug with High.

He has interviewed many stoner favorites like the Adam, Blake, and Anders from Workaholics and Tommy Chong.

From rap battles to dab battles, Getting High With Doug is a lot of fun.  

The Chong and Chong Show

Link to Podcast

Arguably the most famous smoker of all time, Tommy Chong, released a dope podcast series a few years back.

During his show, Chong and his son both seriously and hilariously weigh in on the culture surrounding cannabis. But, that’s not all. The king of cannabis comedy also shares his thoughts on politics, sex and even time he spent in jail.

Though it’s been a few years since they have posted an episode, it’s worth looking through the stacks.

With so much cannabis content to choose from, we hope this list leads you to the dankest podcasts.

Does Smoking Marijuana Make You Sleepy?

How To Not Get Sleepy When High

The versatility of cannabis becomes clear with all of the different options for cooking edibles. Recipes abound instructing patients on how to implement the plant into all sorts of sweet and savory infused-recipes. Aside from the delicious taste, edibles are a smoke-free option that offer the same benefits as other forms of cannabis.

Follow our simple guide to learn how to cook with cannabis and for some fun recipe ideas with which to utilize your newfound culinary knowledge.  

In general, marijuana is an extremely potent and psychoactive drug. Not potent enough to induce fatal overdose and not psychoactive enough to send your consciousness on a hallucinatory trip through the ethereal wringer, but still, it’s severe judgment impairing, mind-altering should not be glossed over. Just as viewing marijuana through a demonized, undignified framework is a myopic and intellectually-dishonest perspective, so too is romanticizing it as a one-size-fits-all miracle drug for any ailment.

In reality, even though it can help alleviate a lot of symptoms, marijuana can also exacerbate pain symptoms (in some cases), impair younger brain development, and trigger the symptoms of certain severe mental disorders in those who are already genetically predisposed to them. Furthermore, like alcohol, irresponsible marijuana use has correlated with DUI-related traffic accidents. Overall, while immensely helpful for many suffering from chronic pain or terminal illnesses, the psychoactive effects of THC may make marijuana highly undesirable and unsuitable for use out-&-about in everyday life; always consult a healthcare professional before trying marijuana for medical marijuana use, or consider trying CBD as a more benign alternative.

Moreover, marijuana’s stimulation of the endocannabinoid system is undisputedly proven to incite states of tiredness. For those suffering from sleep disorders or severe anxiety issues,  this might be a desired effect of cannabis, but understandably, people may not want to risk dozing off through social gatherings, casual day-to-day life routines, or if they’re in a profession which enables them to work from home. If you want to try marijuana for relief but are concerned about being swept up by fatigue, here are a few tips you should know to avoid getting (too) tired of the Green Goddess.

Stick To Sativa?

Contrary to popular belief, the differences between indica and sativa strains of marijuana are largely cosmetic, based upon the plant’s length & business. Strains can contain lower-THC and higher-CBD contents which could mitigate sleepiness, but whether or not they’re indica or sativa is a meaningless designation. It’s so useless, in fact, that researchers have analyzed 81 different strains and observed a largely similar genetic makeup.

Furthermore, one of the world’s most famous and reputable cannabis websites, Leafly, has produced numerous comprehensive graphs comparing the average cannabinoid content of common indica/sativa strains, and by and large, the difference is pretty negligible. Respected psychopharmacologist Dr. Ethan Russo even devoted an entire interview toward breaking down why indica v. sativa is a bogus barometer of a strain’s CBD and THC content.

To paraphrase Dr. Russo’s message in short: “the sativa/indica distinction as commonly applied in the lay literature is total nonsense and an exercise in futility.” If you truly want to lessen your risk of being worn down by fatigue, look for a strain that is third-party verified to be low in THC and high in CBD content. Medicating alongside your morning coffee (or infusing it with your morning coffee) can also be a useful pick-up to mitigate tiredness, but be careful not to have it too late and throw off your circadian sleep rhythm.

Sunlight, Sipping, Stimulation

Our body’s functions ostensibly abide by autonomic internal clocks, called circadian rhythms. One of the crucial functions of these circadian rhythms is to modulate the body’s sleep-wake cycles; this is why when you’re in darkness, the body naturally produces more melatonin, theta waves, and other hormones and brain waves associated with sleep. Conversely, your body produces more cortisol, alpha waves, and chemicals in light to help you maintain wakefulness during the day.

These circadian sleep/wake cycles are generally primed and dictated by cycles of sunrise and sunset, but these internal clocks can also be easily swayed by external forces, like artificial lighting, “jet lag” from traveling across different time zones, and psychoactive drugs like caffeine and marijuana. So, to reap the full benefits of your product without compromising your wakefulness, synchronize your use with the circadian synchronization of the sunlight, or any light in general; sober or high, you’re going to have a hard time dozing off through a bright beam in your face. Additionally, hydration, deep conversation, and even as little as ten minutes of mild exercise are effective ways to stimulate your body, mind, and modulated wake and sleep cycles into being healthily active.

Start Low, Go Slow

These four words are a great rule of thumb for consuming marijuana.

When using any marijuana product for the first time, especially edibles(<HYPERLINK EDIBLE BLOG HERE) which metabolize longer in the body, it can be very easy to misjudge how much THC your body can handle before any adverse effects might set on. Too little or too much of anything can be unpleasant, and marijuana is no exception.

To ensure that you aren’t immediately taken back and tired out by the high, consume in moderation, start low, and go slow. Some experts recommend 5mg of THC as a good starter dose, but given that marijuana has virtually no risk of fatal overdose, don’t fret if you don’t experience enough relief from that amount. Stay on the safe side, gradually work your way up as needed, and heed all the advice as mentioned above to stave off sleepiness.    

Why Do Edibles Affect You Differently?

Why Do Edibles Give You A Different High Than Smoking?

Even the most experienced potheads who have continually puffed the magic dragon and hit the highest-THC strains they can get their hands on may still feel taken back by the potent effect that hits them after consuming cannabis edible(s). Despite that, cannabis edibles are extremely popular: studies have shown that they accounted for nearly 45% of Colorado’s cannabis sales in 2014, almost 30 percent of Americans who have tried cannabis admit to consuming it in edible or beverage form, and surprisingly, they have been shown to be more popular amongst medical users than purely recreational.

Why is it that an edible high can be so much more lingering and pervasive than a smoked or vaporized inhalation? Ultimately, it has to do with a few key factors, so if you’re contemplating trying edibles, wondering why you may have had an experience that didn’t go so well, or just curious about why those buds feel so extremely different eaten than inhaled, here’s what you should know.

Metabolism: A Double-Edged Sword

Fundamentally, marijuana consumption and inhalation both work by stimulating the body’s network of neurotransmitters known as the endocannabinoid system. Where their highs differ lies in how edibles and smoke uniquely stimulate the ECS: inhalation bypasses a long trip through the bloodstream and digestive system and mostly avoids metabolization, whereas edible ingestion allows much more THC and metabolites to enter the liver, initiating a more prolonged and potent process.

By letting more Delta-9-THC into the liver, more of it gets converted into a metabolite variation known as 11-hydroxy-THC, creating a far more prolonged, psychoactive, and lingering high effect than smoked marijuana. This variant can also be produced through smoking, though given that most product stays concentrated in the lungs, far less of it is yielded to have any impact.

Less research has been done on the 11-OH-THC cannabinoid than it’s standard Delta-9 counterpart and CBD, but it could potentially exhibit medicinal promise offering a more powerful form of the latter two’s therapeutic benefits. Additionally, oral consumption removes the harsh, slightly-unhealthier lung irritants that a person would consume through marijuana inhalation. Unfortunately, this more reactive effect could lead to a more reactive backfire. Some of marijuana’s potential adverse reactions include nausea, impaired judgment, altered brain development in younger users, and worsened symptoms in specific mental health disorders, so use carefully.

Biting Off More Than You Can Chew

Baked desserts, candy, coffee, tea, soda, seasoned meat, pasta: most people know about the quintessential “special brownies,” if it’s any recipe with fat-soluble molecules, it’s a weed-friendly recipe. That is the reason why infused cannabutter and cannaoil cooking is generally the preferred form of edible administration, as the fat and lipid content makes them great retainers of cannabinoid molecules. Therefore, delectable chocolates, cookies, pastries, and gummies are among the most popular forms of edibles on the market, but consumers should indulge their sweet tooth carefully.

Smoked marijuana provides a more immediate impact in a shorter 30-90 minute burst, whereas the high of edible marijuana is the total inverse of that length, generally kicking in anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours after consumption, producing a sustained high that may last several hours long. Unfortunately, if taken recreationally, this can make it easier for an edible user to misjudge and improperly estimate the limit of how much their body can handle.

Treat edible marijuana like any other drug or medicine: consume safely and store responsibly, in a safe, high location away from the reach of anyone you wouldn’t want accidentally consuming them. Always read the informational labels on packaging to understand the dosage and how much MG of THC you’re getting per serving, and if you’re still unsure of how much to consume beyond that, here’s a helpful, comprehensive guide on safe dosage at https://tripsafe.org/edibles/.

Don’t Eat On An Empty Stomach

Little formal research exists on the subject, but broad empirical and anecdotal evidence widely dictates that it’s inadvisable to consume cannabis edibles on an empty stomach. As paradoxical as it may sound, you should not eat on an empty stomach in the case of edibles, as doing so can expedite their psychoactive effects. Eating fatty meals beforehand can stimulate bile release in the gallbladder and encourage your body’s fatty molecules (such as THC) to metabolize faster.

Additionally, moderating your body’s THC with an additional serving of CBD products may also help modulate your endocannabinoid closer to equilibrium. The highs and lows of smoked marijuana and edible marijuana can be radically different in their own ways, but no matter how you consume it, do so safely, responsibly, and carefully.

Everything You Need To Know To Evaluate Your Cannabis

How To Evaluate Cannabis Quality

When it comes to cannabis legalization and decriminalization, the Canadian government has been ahead of the curve compared to many parts of the world, fully legalizing medicinal use in 2001, and finally legalizing recreational adult use with the Cannabis Act of 2018. Cannabis regulations may vary from province to province, but third-party testing for harmful pest-control additives and limits on unhealthy solvent extractions are mandated nationwide.  A proactive step forward for public safety, one which parts of America and many other countries still have yet to facilitate. However, a decent amount of cannabis companies have been forced to recall product lines over various contaminant concerns.

By and large, Canada has made some great strides to ensure that cannabis quality is up to snuff with safety standards, but even so, it isn’t a 100% fail-safe system at the moment. No matter where cannabis buyers get their product from, locally or elsewhere, there are a few main criteria they should keep in mind when evaluating the quality of the product.

Smell

Well-grown, well-produced, and high-quality cannabis products will typically bear a pungent and distinct odor which is far from a superficial, arbitrary bi-product of cannabis. Each cannabis bud contains an array of hydrocarbons known as terpenes, naturally occurring in the oils of many plants, and these terpenes are responsible for producing the various aromas and tastes of cannabis. Researchers have identified over 100 different terpenes in the cannabis plant, and beyond providing cosmetic qualities, there is also overwhelming evidence that these terpenes produce a litany of health benefits to the plant, including relaxation, pain relief, and even aiding opioid detox.

The more distinct the smell of a cannabis bud is, the more terpenes, flavor, and therapeutic potential it could have. Likewise, if you notice the buds have a bland hay-like smell or no discernable scent at all, then that’s a red flag that it’s an inferior, less potent, and lower quality product which you should avoid at all costs.

Color

For a plant which has made many names for itself such as cabbage, oregano, broccoli, Devil’s lettuce, grass, and the Green Goddess, inspecting subtle color differences might seem like a weird way to evaluate its quality. After all, if the plant is mainly known for being green, why would varying shades, light hues, or dark hues of that plant’s green color be such a big deal?

For starters, while the plant is primarily green, it’s not uncommon for buds to bear streaks of purple, pink, blue, or other accented colors; these can even be a sign of quality and terpene-richness. However, if you notice strong red, yellow, or brown discoloration, that could be a sign of an unhealthy spoiled plant, and stark white spots on indoor plants could be a sign of some nasty light burn, which can devastatingly erode the cannabinoids and nutrient content from the plant. Even worse, white and gray blotches could also be indicative of some nasty mold or insect contamination.

Ultimately when evaluating cannabis quality, it’s green content isn’t the only of a matter for concern, but also the hints of color between that green content. It’s not a total 100% flawless method to circumvent the potential safety risks of tainted cannabis, but it’s an excellent first step. Just as you probably wouldn’t want to take a bite into any fruit or produce that looks rotten, you also shouldn’t light up any bad or wilted-looking buds.

Trichomes

Trichomes are the epicenter of where the plant’s cannabinoid and terpene content are produced and stored. They also serve as a defense mechanism for the plant, repelling animals and insects with their unpleasant odor and taste. Assessing a bud’s trichome content is a twofold assessment of quality, as it can be both a visual designation of a plant’s potency and how well it holds its own organically (e.g., with no pesticides). The shinier and more crystallized-looking a bud, the more trichomes it has, but not every facet of trichome quality may be determined from a glance, quite the contrary.  

It’s a little too microcosmic to view with the naked eye, but trichomes give off another natural visual cue for quality: ripeness. Optimally, the trichomes should have a distinct white or amber hue when magnified, but clear trichomes could be a sign that the plant was harvested prematurely, with a weaker concentration of terpenes and cannabinoids. If the manufacturer didn’t spend the time waiting for their buds to reach ripeness, then you shouldn’t waste your time doing business with them.

Bud Structure

You can’t keep up the rooms of a house without a solid structural foundation, lest you want your bed and all of your other belongings to be weathered down by the elements. This same logic rings equally true in the context of cannabis; you can’t reap the benefits of terpenes and cannabinoids without a solid structural foundation to hold up those terpenes and cannabinoids. But what exactly comprises and makes up a good, quality bud structure?

Indica or sativa labels aren’t meaningful distinctions of cannabinoid quality variation, but if you want to know which differences can be meaningful for each respective strain, look for buds that are tightly packed (indica), light and fluffy (sativa), and just well-trimmed all around. If the buds have open, wide structures and still possess visible remnants of stems, leaves, or other extraneous plant matter, that could be indicative of a poor trim job, one that inadequately isolated the terpene and cannabinoid content you want.

Furthermore, you should always ensure that your cannabis buds were neatly trimmed by hand, as machine trimming can risk damaging the trichomes, the cannabinoid and terpene concentrations in the bud, as well as the bud itself. Do your research and inspections, and if needed, always cross reference reviews and ask vendors about any of the above metrics when evaluating cannabis quality.

Everything you Need to Know About Canada’s Legalization of Marijuana

Legalization Of Cannabis In Canada

Cannabis is now legal in Canada, so what are the things that you need to know about the legalization of marijuana. How will people purchase cannabis and what sort of regulations in regards to age or where marijuana will be available for purchase. Are you allowed to grow cannabis in your private residence? What is cannabis going to cost in relation to the black market price? How does legalization affect you when leaving or entering the country? Lastly, could consuming marijuana jeopardize my job and what are the rules around driving after consuming cannabis? We will be covering all of these crucial issues below so that you can have a better understanding of how Canada’s legalization of marijuana effects you.

How do I purchase Marijuana Legally in Canada?

Even though cannabis is now legal across the entire country, there are still different regulations depending on what province you reside. There are a few main distinctions that can change from providence to providence those are age limits and retail structures. The minimum age limit for purchasing and consuming cannabis vary but most providences uses the same rules as alcohol.

Can I Grow Marijuana at Home in Canada?

In most of the provinces and territories, adults are allowed to possess four cannabis plants per household for recreational use. This amount is the limit that was set by the federal government in June when they passed the Cannabis Act. However, Quebec and Manitoba are the two territories that are still holding strict regulations on growing cannabis in your private residence. Both of the territories opposed that decision and enforced their own rules banning residents from growing their own cannabis plants in their home. This ban on personal cultivation is a decision that many people believe will eventually result in a constitutional change.

How Much Does Marijuana Cost and How Much Can I Buy?

The cost and success of Canada’s move to legalize cannabis will depend on the price that Canadians will pay per gram of legal cannabis in relation to the black market price. If the worth of legal marijuana ends up being more expensive than the cannabis on the black market, there will be very little incentive for Canadians to switch from purchasing from their current and cheaper source.

Some examples of current prices by territory look like this. New Brunswick prices will range from $8 – $16 per gram, Northwest territories will be between $8 – $15 per gram, New Foundland and Labrador $6 – $13, Quebec will be starting around $7, and the price per gram in the Yukon will start about $8. Ontario’s government has been very quiet in revealing their pricing, but should be at a rate which will be competitive with black market prices or illegal dispensaries.

All provinces and territories differ on how much you can possess and where you can consume cannabis legally. In most provinces, you can possess up to 30 grams of cannabis flower, but in Quebec, you can have up to 150 grams in your home. In New Brunswick, you are legally allowed to consume cannabis in your private residence, but you would need permission from the owner of the residence if you are smoking in any other home or building.

How Does Legalization Affect the Border?

Even though the U.S. sees its states rapidly move towards legalization, cannabis is still illegal under the U.S. federal law. Before legalization went through in Canada, Ottawa made a statement to Canadian travelers that any prior use of marijuana or any other substance prohibited by U.S. laws could deny you entry into the US. Officials at the US border stated that nothing has changed if you have a violated any U.S. laws that made you dismissable from the U.S. It remains a mystery as to whether travelers will be questioned more frequently in regards to prior cannabis use. There will also be changes for travelers making their way into Canada, Border Service Agency guards will now have to ask every person crossing the border about cannabis possession. Anyone traveling to Canada can expect to see a question about their cannabis use on declaration documents.

How Could Consuming Cannabis Affect my Job?

Knowing if consuming cannabis affects your job depends on the field or industry you work in and more specifically your employer. When legalization was just about to go through there was an increase in Canadian companies that updated their policies related to cannabis, this was especially true with companies where their employees work in high-risk positions.

Recently Air Canada and WestJet have decided to prohibit all of their employees in flight operations and aircraft maintenance from using any form of cannabis at any time; this is both on duty and off duty. The regulations for police officers vary widely across the country as well. Calgary’s police service forbids cannabis consumption altogether, while Vancouver police officers are required to self-evaluate whether they are fit to perform their duties.

As the months continue experts say that rules and regulations around cannabis and the workplace will begin to evolve as we get more research and information on the industry as a whole. Ultimately it’s better to be clear on your employer’s rules about cannabis whether you are just beginning a new job or have been working somewhere for a long time, as these rules vary employer to employer.

What are the Laws Around Driving with Marijuana in Canada?

Now that legalization passed in June, Law enforcement officials can conduct roadside saliva tests to drivers that they suspect to under the influence of drugs. Drivers will be treated and punished in relation to the amount of THC is found in their blood, which is the primary psychoactive substance in cannabis. Divers found with amounts of THC in their system between two and five nanograms could face up to a $1000 fine. Drivers found with more than five nanograms or who were consuming alcohol and cannabis at the same time could face steeper fines and even jail time. Drivers convicted to the more severe amounts of THC in their system could face up to 10 years in prison. Statistics show that nearly five percent of Canadians say that they have been a passenger in a vehicle driven by someone who had consumed cannabis within two hours of driving. Ultimately, the best option is not to drive a vehicle under the influence or ride with a driver who is under the influence of cannabis.

What are the Health Effects of Consuming Cannabis?

In the weeks, months, and years to come, we are going to see much more research on cannabis and health, concerning both potential risks and health benefits. Canada’s federal government has a website outlining the health of related to cannabis use which includes short-term effects and long-term effects. This effort for more research and information od the medical benefits of cannabis will only grow stronger and stronger now that Canada has passed legalization. Canada is scheduled to spend more than $100 million over the next six years on cannabis education in relation to awareness, public education, and surveillance.

Top 5 Canadian Cannabis Activists

Top 5 Canadian Cannabis Activists

Seth Rogen

Seth Aaron Rogan was born April 15th, 1982 and is a Canadian-American actor, writer, producer, stand up comedian and director. Rogan’s early career started during his teenage years performing stand-up comedy. Seth was living in the hometown of Vancouver when he landed a support role in a series called ” Freaks and Geeks,” and shortly after that he moved to Los Angeles for the role but unfortunately the series was canceled after one season. Rogen co-wrote the films Superbad, The Green Hornet, This Is the End and Pineapple Express which was the film that labeled Seth Rogan as a cannabis icon. Pineapple Express was released in 2008, and the story is based around a process server(Seth Rogan) and his marijuana dealer (James Franco). Seth is widely known for his advocacy of cannabis, in 2007 Rogen was named “Stoner of The Year” by High Times magazine and award created by NORML at their annual national conference. All together making Seth one the more iconic Canadian pop culture activists.

Tommy Chong

Thomas B. Chong was born May 24th, 1938 and is a Canadia-American actor, writer, comedian, director, and a well-known cannabis rights activist. Chong is widely known for his cannabis-themed Cheech & Ching comedy records and his movies with Cheech Marin. Thomas also played a stoner hippie character on the popular tv show ” That ‘70s Show’. For the majority of Chong’s adult life cannabis has been illegal however he chooses to and continually use it openly and in the public eye. In the late 1980’s Thomas officially became a citizen of the United States. Chong became a marijuana activist and has continually supported the legalization of the plants use medically and recreationally. He is a frequent contributor to Cannabis Culture Magazine and is a member of the NORML advisory board. Thomas’s life and achievements within the cannabis community have solidified him as one of the most well-known examples of a cannabis activist.

Justin Bieber

Justin Drew Bieber was born on March 1, 1994, and is a Canadian singer and songwriter. The beginning of Justin’s career began after talent manager Scooter Braun discovered him through his YouTube video covering other artists songs and in 2008 he signed him to Raymond Braun Media Group. Justin’s debut EP “My World” was released in 2009 and went platinum in the US. He became the first artist to have seven songs from a debut record chart on the Billboard top 100. Bieber’s first full-length album ” My World 2.0″ was released in 2010 and debuted at number one in multiple countries and was certified triple platinum in the US which his single “Baby” was on. Justin has stated publicly on social media about his support for medical cannabis. He advocates against how big pharma is paying to block and slow down the progression of medical marijuana and further explains how pharmaceutical companies have been funding anti-cannabis legislation in several states across the country. Beiber also has several other statements on social media to his almost 100 million Twitter followers telling them that he will be continuing to advocate for cannabis and that we all need to start paying attention to these issues. Beiber has also stated that smoking cannabis isn’t what makes up his identity, but he knows that it’s crucial for him to be an advocate for marijuana at such a critical time where more and more states and countries are moving towards legalization.

Michael J. Fox

Michael Andrew Fox was born on June 9th and is a Canadian-American actor, comedian, author, and film producer. Michaels career began in the 1970s when he stared in the ” Back to The Future trilogy where he played the character ” Marty McFly.” Some of Fox’s other roles included being Spin City and Family Ties. He has won many awards including Emmy’s, Golden Globe, Grammy, and two Screen Actors Guild Awards. In 1991 Michael was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease at the age of 29 but did not make his condition public until 1998, and went into to a brief retirement from acting in 2000 as his disease and its symptoms worsened. He has since advocated for research to find a cure, and from that, he has created the Micahel J.Fox Foundation.  Michael has been a long time advocate of the medical cannabis community, and his foundation has put out several articles and pieces of information promoting the advocacy of conducting more research into its health benefits and its aid in fighting Parkinson disease.

Alanis Morissette

Alanis Nadine Morissette was born June 1st, 1974 and is a Canadian singer, songwriter, and actress. Morissette’s career began in Canada in the early 1990s with two successful pop albums. She moved to Los Angeles after getting a record deal and release ” Jagged Little Pill: in 1995 which sold more than 33 million copies globally and is her most well know pieces of work. In her career, Alanis has sold over 75 million records throughout the world and has been named the “Queen of Alt-Rock Angst” by Rolling Stone. She has a hit song called ” Mary Jane,” but Alanis has further elaborated into her love for marijuana on an interview with High Times Magazine. Morissette says that cannabis keeps her creative juices flowing and that she frequently uses when she is writing music. Alanis has used her following to spread positive awareness about marijuana which is why she is a model example of a Canadian pop culture activist.