Does Smoking Marijuana Make You Sleepy?

How To Not Get Sleepy When High

The versatility of cannabis becomes clear with all of the different options for cooking edibles. Recipes abound instructing patients on how to implement the plant into all sorts of sweet and savory infused-recipes. Aside from the delicious taste, edibles are a smoke-free option that offer the same benefits as other forms of cannabis.

Follow our simple guide to learn how to cook with cannabis and for some fun recipe ideas with which to utilize your newfound culinary knowledge.  

In general, marijuana is an extremely potent and psychoactive drug. Not potent enough to induce fatal overdose and not psychoactive enough to send your consciousness on a hallucinatory trip through the ethereal wringer, but still, it’s severe judgment impairing, mind-altering should not be glossed over. Just as viewing marijuana through a demonized, undignified framework is a myopic and intellectually-dishonest perspective, so too is romanticizing it as a one-size-fits-all miracle drug for any ailment.

In reality, even though it can help alleviate a lot of symptoms, marijuana can also exacerbate pain symptoms (in some cases), impair younger brain development, and trigger the symptoms of certain severe mental disorders in those who are already genetically predisposed to them. Furthermore, like alcohol, irresponsible marijuana use has correlated with DUI-related traffic accidents. Overall, while immensely helpful for many suffering from chronic pain or terminal illnesses, the psychoactive effects of THC may make marijuana highly undesirable and unsuitable for use out-&-about in everyday life; always consult a healthcare professional before trying marijuana for medical marijuana use, or consider trying CBD as a more benign alternative.

Moreover, marijuana’s stimulation of the endocannabinoid system is undisputedly proven to incite states of tiredness. For those suffering from sleep disorders or severe anxiety issues,  this might be a desired effect of cannabis, but understandably, people may not want to risk dozing off through social gatherings, casual day-to-day life routines, or if they’re in a profession which enables them to work from home. If you want to try marijuana for relief but are concerned about being swept up by fatigue, here are a few tips you should know to avoid getting (too) tired of the Green Goddess.

Stick To Sativa?

Contrary to popular belief, the differences between indica and sativa strains of marijuana are largely cosmetic, based upon the plant’s length & business. Strains can contain lower-THC and higher-CBD contents which could mitigate sleepiness, but whether or not they’re indica or sativa is a meaningless designation. It’s so useless, in fact, that researchers have analyzed 81 different strains and observed a largely similar genetic makeup.

Furthermore, one of the world’s most famous and reputable cannabis websites, Leafly, has produced numerous comprehensive graphs comparing the average cannabinoid content of common indica/sativa strains, and by and large, the difference is pretty negligible. Respected psychopharmacologist Dr. Ethan Russo even devoted an entire interview toward breaking down why indica v. sativa is a bogus barometer of a strain’s CBD and THC content.

To paraphrase Dr. Russo’s message in short: “the sativa/indica distinction as commonly applied in the lay literature is total nonsense and an exercise in futility.” If you truly want to lessen your risk of being worn down by fatigue, look for a strain that is third-party verified to be low in THC and high in CBD content. Medicating alongside your morning coffee (or infusing it with your morning coffee) can also be a useful pick-up to mitigate tiredness, but be careful not to have it too late and throw off your circadian sleep rhythm.

Sunlight, Sipping, Stimulation

Our body’s functions ostensibly abide by autonomic internal clocks, called circadian rhythms. One of the crucial functions of these circadian rhythms is to modulate the body’s sleep-wake cycles; this is why when you’re in darkness, the body naturally produces more melatonin, theta waves, and other hormones and brain waves associated with sleep. Conversely, your body produces more cortisol, alpha waves, and chemicals in light to help you maintain wakefulness during the day.

These circadian sleep/wake cycles are generally primed and dictated by cycles of sunrise and sunset, but these internal clocks can also be easily swayed by external forces, like artificial lighting, “jet lag” from traveling across different time zones, and psychoactive drugs like caffeine and marijuana. So, to reap the full benefits of your product without compromising your wakefulness, synchronize your use with the circadian synchronization of the sunlight, or any light in general; sober or high, you’re going to have a hard time dozing off through a bright beam in your face. Additionally, hydration, deep conversation, and even as little as ten minutes of mild exercise are effective ways to stimulate your body, mind, and modulated wake and sleep cycles into being healthily active.

Start Low, Go Slow

These four words are a great rule of thumb for consuming marijuana.

When using any marijuana product for the first time, especially edibles(<HYPERLINK EDIBLE BLOG HERE) which metabolize longer in the body, it can be very easy to misjudge how much THC your body can handle before any adverse effects might set on. Too little or too much of anything can be unpleasant, and marijuana is no exception.

To ensure that you aren’t immediately taken back and tired out by the high, consume in moderation, start low, and go slow. Some experts recommend 5mg of THC as a good starter dose, but given that marijuana has virtually no risk of fatal overdose, don’t fret if you don’t experience enough relief from that amount. Stay on the safe side, gradually work your way up as needed, and heed all the advice as mentioned above to stave off sleepiness.    

Why Do Edibles Affect You Differently?

Why Do Edibles Give You A Different High Than Smoking?

Even the most experienced potheads who have continually puffed the magic dragon and hit the highest-THC strains they can get their hands on may still feel taken back by the potent effect that hits them after consuming cannabis edible(s). Despite that, cannabis edibles are extremely popular: studies have shown that they accounted for nearly 45% of Colorado’s cannabis sales in 2014, almost 30 percent of Americans who have tried cannabis admit to consuming it in edible or beverage form, and surprisingly, they have been shown to be more popular amongst medical users than purely recreational.

Why is it that an edible high can be so much more lingering and pervasive than a smoked or vaporized inhalation? Ultimately, it has to do with a few key factors, so if you’re contemplating trying edibles, wondering why you may have had an experience that didn’t go so well, or just curious about why those buds feel so extremely different eaten than inhaled, here’s what you should know.

Metabolism: A Double-Edged Sword

Fundamentally, marijuana consumption and inhalation both work by stimulating the body’s network of neurotransmitters known as the endocannabinoid system. Where their highs differ lies in how edibles and smoke uniquely stimulate the ECS: inhalation bypasses a long trip through the bloodstream and digestive system and mostly avoids metabolization, whereas edible ingestion allows much more THC and metabolites to enter the liver, initiating a more prolonged and potent process.

By letting more Delta-9-THC into the liver, more of it gets converted into a metabolite variation known as 11-hydroxy-THC, creating a far more prolonged, psychoactive, and lingering high effect than smoked marijuana. This variant can also be produced through smoking, though given that most product stays concentrated in the lungs, far less of it is yielded to have any impact.

Less research has been done on the 11-OH-THC cannabinoid than it’s standard Delta-9 counterpart and CBD, but it could potentially exhibit medicinal promise offering a more powerful form of the latter two’s therapeutic benefits. Additionally, oral consumption removes the harsh, slightly-unhealthier lung irritants that a person would consume through marijuana inhalation. Unfortunately, this more reactive effect could lead to a more reactive backfire. Some of marijuana’s potential adverse reactions include nausea, impaired judgment, altered brain development in younger users, and worsened symptoms in specific mental health disorders, so use carefully.

Biting Off More Than You Can Chew

Baked desserts, candy, coffee, tea, soda, seasoned meat, pasta: most people know about the quintessential “special brownies,” if it’s any recipe with fat-soluble molecules, it’s a weed-friendly recipe. That is the reason why infused cannabutter and cannaoil cooking is generally the preferred form of edible administration, as the fat and lipid content makes them great retainers of cannabinoid molecules. Therefore, delectable chocolates, cookies, pastries, and gummies are among the most popular forms of edibles on the market, but consumers should indulge their sweet tooth carefully.

Smoked marijuana provides a more immediate impact in a shorter 30-90 minute burst, whereas the high of edible marijuana is the total inverse of that length, generally kicking in anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours after consumption, producing a sustained high that may last several hours long. Unfortunately, if taken recreationally, this can make it easier for an edible user to misjudge and improperly estimate the limit of how much their body can handle.

Treat edible marijuana like any other drug or medicine: consume safely and store responsibly, in a safe, high location away from the reach of anyone you wouldn’t want accidentally consuming them. Always read the informational labels on packaging to understand the dosage and how much MG of THC you’re getting per serving, and if you’re still unsure of how much to consume beyond that, here’s a helpful, comprehensive guide on safe dosage at

Don’t Eat On An Empty Stomach

Little formal research exists on the subject, but broad empirical and anecdotal evidence widely dictates that it’s inadvisable to consume cannabis edibles on an empty stomach. As paradoxical as it may sound, you should not eat on an empty stomach in the case of edibles, as doing so can expedite their psychoactive effects. Eating fatty meals beforehand can stimulate bile release in the gallbladder and encourage your body’s fatty molecules (such as THC) to metabolize faster.

Additionally, moderating your body’s THC with an additional serving of CBD products may also help modulate your endocannabinoid closer to equilibrium. The highs and lows of smoked marijuana and edible marijuana can be radically different in their own ways, but no matter how you consume it, do so safely, responsibly, and carefully.

Everything You Need To Know To Evaluate Your Cannabis

How To Evaluate Cannabis Quality

When it comes to cannabis legalization and decriminalization, the Canadian government has been ahead of the curve compared to many parts of the world, fully legalizing medicinal use in 2001, and finally legalizing recreational adult use with the Cannabis Act of 2018. Cannabis regulations may vary from province to province, but third-party testing for harmful pest-control additives and limits on unhealthy solvent extractions are mandated nationwide.  A proactive step forward for public safety, one which parts of America and many other countries still have yet to facilitate. However, a decent amount of cannabis companies have been forced to recall product lines over various contaminant concerns.

By and large, Canada has made some great strides to ensure that cannabis quality is up to snuff with safety standards, but even so, it isn’t a 100% fail-safe system at the moment. No matter where cannabis buyers get their product from, locally or elsewhere, there are a few main criteria they should keep in mind when evaluating the quality of the product.


Well-grown, well-produced, and high-quality cannabis products will typically bear a pungent and distinct odor which is far from a superficial, arbitrary bi-product of cannabis. Each cannabis bud contains an array of hydrocarbons known as terpenes, naturally occurring in the oils of many plants, and these terpenes are responsible for producing the various aromas and tastes of cannabis. Researchers have identified over 100 different terpenes in the cannabis plant, and beyond providing cosmetic qualities, there is also overwhelming evidence that these terpenes produce a litany of health benefits to the plant, including relaxation, pain relief, and even aiding opioid detox.

The more distinct the smell of a cannabis bud is, the more terpenes, flavor, and therapeutic potential it could have. Likewise, if you notice the buds have a bland hay-like smell or no discernable scent at all, then that’s a red flag that it’s an inferior, less potent, and lower quality product which you should avoid at all costs.


For a plant which has made many names for itself such as cabbage, oregano, broccoli, Devil’s lettuce, grass, and the Green Goddess, inspecting subtle color differences might seem like a weird way to evaluate its quality. After all, if the plant is mainly known for being green, why would varying shades, light hues, or dark hues of that plant’s green color be such a big deal?

For starters, while the plant is primarily green, it’s not uncommon for buds to bear streaks of purple, pink, blue, or other accented colors; these can even be a sign of quality and terpene-richness. However, if you notice strong red, yellow, or brown discoloration, that could be a sign of an unhealthy spoiled plant, and stark white spots on indoor plants could be a sign of some nasty light burn, which can devastatingly erode the cannabinoids and nutrient content from the plant. Even worse, white and gray blotches could also be indicative of some nasty mold or insect contamination.

Ultimately when evaluating cannabis quality, it’s green content isn’t the only of a matter for concern, but also the hints of color between that green content. It’s not a total 100% flawless method to circumvent the potential safety risks of tainted cannabis, but it’s an excellent first step. Just as you probably wouldn’t want to take a bite into any fruit or produce that looks rotten, you also shouldn’t light up any bad or wilted-looking buds.


Trichomes are the epicenter of where the plant’s cannabinoid and terpene content are produced and stored. They also serve as a defense mechanism for the plant, repelling animals and insects with their unpleasant odor and taste. Assessing a bud’s trichome content is a twofold assessment of quality, as it can be both a visual designation of a plant’s potency and how well it holds its own organically (e.g., with no pesticides). The shinier and more crystallized-looking a bud, the more trichomes it has, but not every facet of trichome quality may be determined from a glance, quite the contrary.  

It’s a little too microcosmic to view with the naked eye, but trichomes give off another natural visual cue for quality: ripeness. Optimally, the trichomes should have a distinct white or amber hue when magnified, but clear trichomes could be a sign that the plant was harvested prematurely, with a weaker concentration of terpenes and cannabinoids. If the manufacturer didn’t spend the time waiting for their buds to reach ripeness, then you shouldn’t waste your time doing business with them.

Bud Structure

You can’t keep up the rooms of a house without a solid structural foundation, lest you want your bed and all of your other belongings to be weathered down by the elements. This same logic rings equally true in the context of cannabis; you can’t reap the benefits of terpenes and cannabinoids without a solid structural foundation to hold up those terpenes and cannabinoids. But what exactly comprises and makes up a good, quality bud structure?

Indica or sativa labels aren’t meaningful distinctions of cannabinoid quality variation, but if you want to know which differences can be meaningful for each respective strain, look for buds that are tightly packed (indica), light and fluffy (sativa), and just well-trimmed all around. If the buds have open, wide structures and still possess visible remnants of stems, leaves, or other extraneous plant matter, that could be indicative of a poor trim job, one that inadequately isolated the terpene and cannabinoid content you want.

Furthermore, you should always ensure that your cannabis buds were neatly trimmed by hand, as machine trimming can risk damaging the trichomes, the cannabinoid and terpene concentrations in the bud, as well as the bud itself. Do your research and inspections, and if needed, always cross reference reviews and ask vendors about any of the above metrics when evaluating cannabis quality.

Everything you Need to Know About Canada’s Legalization of Marijuana

Legalization Of Cannabis In Canada

Cannabis is now legal in Canada, so what are the things that you need to know about the legalization of marijuana. How will people purchase cannabis and what sort of regulations in regards to age or where marijuana will be available for purchase. Are you allowed to grow cannabis in your private residence? What is cannabis going to cost in relation to the black market price? How does legalization affect you when leaving or entering the country? Lastly, could consuming marijuana jeopardize my job and what are the rules around driving after consuming cannabis? We will be covering all of these crucial issues below so that you can have a better understanding of how Canada’s legalization of marijuana effects you.

How do I purchase Marijuana Legally in Canada?

Even though cannabis is now legal across the entire country, there are still different regulations depending on what province you reside. There are a few main distinctions that can change from providence to providence those are age limits and retail structures. The minimum age limit for purchasing and consuming cannabis vary but most providences uses the same rules as alcohol.

Can I Grow Marijuana at Home in Canada?

In most of the provinces and territories, adults are allowed to possess four cannabis plants per household for recreational use. This amount is the limit that was set by the federal government in June when they passed the Cannabis Act. However, Quebec and Manitoba are the two territories that are still holding strict regulations on growing cannabis in your private residence. Both of the territories opposed that decision and enforced their own rules banning residents from growing their own cannabis plants in their home. This ban on personal cultivation is a decision that many people believe will eventually result in a constitutional change.

How Much Does Marijuana Cost and How Much Can I Buy?

The cost and success of Canada’s move to legalize cannabis will depend on the price that Canadians will pay per gram of legal cannabis in relation to the black market price. If the worth of legal marijuana ends up being more expensive than the cannabis on the black market, there will be very little incentive for Canadians to switch from purchasing from their current and cheaper source.

Some examples of current prices by territory look like this. New Brunswick prices will range from $8 – $16 per gram, Northwest territories will be between $8 – $15 per gram, New Foundland and Labrador $6 – $13, Quebec will be starting around $7, and the price per gram in the Yukon will start about $8. Ontario’s government has been very quiet in revealing their pricing, but should be at a rate which will be competitive with black market prices or illegal dispensaries.

All provinces and territories differ on how much you can possess and where you can consume cannabis legally. In most provinces, you can possess up to 30 grams of cannabis flower, but in Quebec, you can have up to 150 grams in your home. In New Brunswick, you are legally allowed to consume cannabis in your private residence, but you would need permission from the owner of the residence if you are smoking in any other home or building.

How Does Legalization Affect the Border?

Even though the U.S. sees its states rapidly move towards legalization, cannabis is still illegal under the U.S. federal law. Before legalization went through in Canada, Ottawa made a statement to Canadian travelers that any prior use of marijuana or any other substance prohibited by U.S. laws could deny you entry into the US. Officials at the US border stated that nothing has changed if you have a violated any U.S. laws that made you dismissable from the U.S. It remains a mystery as to whether travelers will be questioned more frequently in regards to prior cannabis use. There will also be changes for travelers making their way into Canada, Border Service Agency guards will now have to ask every person crossing the border about cannabis possession. Anyone traveling to Canada can expect to see a question about their cannabis use on declaration documents.

How Could Consuming Cannabis Affect my Job?

Knowing if consuming cannabis affects your job depends on the field or industry you work in and more specifically your employer. When legalization was just about to go through there was an increase in Canadian companies that updated their policies related to cannabis, this was especially true with companies where their employees work in high-risk positions.

Recently Air Canada and WestJet have decided to prohibit all of their employees in flight operations and aircraft maintenance from using any form of cannabis at any time; this is both on duty and off duty. The regulations for police officers vary widely across the country as well. Calgary’s police service forbids cannabis consumption altogether, while Vancouver police officers are required to self-evaluate whether they are fit to perform their duties.

As the months continue experts say that rules and regulations around cannabis and the workplace will begin to evolve as we get more research and information on the industry as a whole. Ultimately it’s better to be clear on your employer’s rules about cannabis whether you are just beginning a new job or have been working somewhere for a long time, as these rules vary employer to employer.

What are the Laws Around Driving with Marijuana in Canada?

Now that legalization passed in June, Law enforcement officials can conduct roadside saliva tests to drivers that they suspect to under the influence of drugs. Drivers will be treated and punished in relation to the amount of THC is found in their blood, which is the primary psychoactive substance in cannabis. Divers found with amounts of THC in their system between two and five nanograms could face up to a $1000 fine. Drivers found with more than five nanograms or who were consuming alcohol and cannabis at the same time could face steeper fines and even jail time. Drivers convicted to the more severe amounts of THC in their system could face up to 10 years in prison. Statistics show that nearly five percent of Canadians say that they have been a passenger in a vehicle driven by someone who had consumed cannabis within two hours of driving. Ultimately, the best option is not to drive a vehicle under the influence or ride with a driver who is under the influence of cannabis.

What are the Health Effects of Consuming Cannabis?

In the weeks, months, and years to come, we are going to see much more research on cannabis and health, concerning both potential risks and health benefits. Canada’s federal government has a website outlining the health of related to cannabis use which includes short-term effects and long-term effects. This effort for more research and information od the medical benefits of cannabis will only grow stronger and stronger now that Canada has passed legalization. Canada is scheduled to spend more than $100 million over the next six years on cannabis education in relation to awareness, public education, and surveillance.

Top 5 Canadian Cannabis Activists

Top 5 Canadian Cannabis Activists

Seth Rogen

Seth Aaron Rogan was born April 15th, 1982 and is a Canadian-American actor, writer, producer, stand up comedian and director. Rogan’s early career started during his teenage years performing stand-up comedy. Seth was living in the hometown of Vancouver when he landed a support role in a series called ” Freaks and Geeks,” and shortly after that he moved to Los Angeles for the role but unfortunately the series was canceled after one season. Rogen co-wrote the films Superbad, The Green Hornet, This Is the End and Pineapple Express which was the film that labeled Seth Rogan as a cannabis icon. Pineapple Express was released in 2008, and the story is based around a process server(Seth Rogan) and his marijuana dealer (James Franco). Seth is widely known for his advocacy of cannabis, in 2007 Rogen was named “Stoner of The Year” by High Times magazine and award created by NORML at their annual national conference. All together making Seth one the more iconic Canadian pop culture activists.

Tommy Chong

Thomas B. Chong was born May 24th, 1938 and is a Canadia-American actor, writer, comedian, director, and a well-known cannabis rights activist. Chong is widely known for his cannabis-themed Cheech & Ching comedy records and his movies with Cheech Marin. Thomas also played a stoner hippie character on the popular tv show ” That ‘70s Show’. For the majority of Chong’s adult life cannabis has been illegal however he chooses to and continually use it openly and in the public eye. In the late 1980’s Thomas officially became a citizen of the United States. Chong became a marijuana activist and has continually supported the legalization of the plants use medically and recreationally. He is a frequent contributor to Cannabis Culture Magazine and is a member of the NORML advisory board. Thomas’s life and achievements within the cannabis community have solidified him as one of the most well-known examples of a cannabis activist.

Justin Bieber

Justin Drew Bieber was born on March 1, 1994, and is a Canadian singer and songwriter. The beginning of Justin’s career began after talent manager Scooter Braun discovered him through his YouTube video covering other artists songs and in 2008 he signed him to Raymond Braun Media Group. Justin’s debut EP “My World” was released in 2009 and went platinum in the US. He became the first artist to have seven songs from a debut record chart on the Billboard top 100. Bieber’s first full-length album ” My World 2.0″ was released in 2010 and debuted at number one in multiple countries and was certified triple platinum in the US which his single “Baby” was on. Justin has stated publicly on social media about his support for medical cannabis. He advocates against how big pharma is paying to block and slow down the progression of medical marijuana and further explains how pharmaceutical companies have been funding anti-cannabis legislation in several states across the country. Beiber also has several other statements on social media to his almost 100 million Twitter followers telling them that he will be continuing to advocate for cannabis and that we all need to start paying attention to these issues. Beiber has also stated that smoking cannabis isn’t what makes up his identity, but he knows that it’s crucial for him to be an advocate for marijuana at such a critical time where more and more states and countries are moving towards legalization.

Michael J. Fox

Michael Andrew Fox was born on June 9th and is a Canadian-American actor, comedian, author, and film producer. Michaels career began in the 1970s when he stared in the ” Back to The Future trilogy where he played the character ” Marty McFly.” Some of Fox’s other roles included being Spin City and Family Ties. He has won many awards including Emmy’s, Golden Globe, Grammy, and two Screen Actors Guild Awards. In 1991 Michael was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease at the age of 29 but did not make his condition public until 1998, and went into to a brief retirement from acting in 2000 as his disease and its symptoms worsened. He has since advocated for research to find a cure, and from that, he has created the Micahel J.Fox Foundation.  Michael has been a long time advocate of the medical cannabis community, and his foundation has put out several articles and pieces of information promoting the advocacy of conducting more research into its health benefits and its aid in fighting Parkinson disease.

Alanis Morissette

Alanis Nadine Morissette was born June 1st, 1974 and is a Canadian singer, songwriter, and actress. Morissette’s career began in Canada in the early 1990s with two successful pop albums. She moved to Los Angeles after getting a record deal and release ” Jagged Little Pill: in 1995 which sold more than 33 million copies globally and is her most well know pieces of work. In her career, Alanis has sold over 75 million records throughout the world and has been named the “Queen of Alt-Rock Angst” by Rolling Stone. She has a hit song called ” Mary Jane,” but Alanis has further elaborated into her love for marijuana on an interview with High Times Magazine. Morissette says that cannabis keeps her creative juices flowing and that she frequently uses when she is writing music. Alanis has used her following to spread positive awareness about marijuana which is why she is a model example of a Canadian pop culture activist.


Beginners Guide To Concentrates

Cannabis concentrates are a significantly more potent version of cannabis and are through a process of extracting the THC from marijuana.
While cannabis concentrates have existed in some form since the 1940s, it’s not until the past five years that the world of concentrates has exploded into so many different types and can be very confusing if you are beginning to use cannabis. The many factors that go into creating concentrates are extraction methods, types of marijuana, potency, and purity which all have a significant effect on the final product! Below we show you the process, types, benefits, and uses of cannabis concentrate that will help you choose the right cannabis concentrate for you!

Benefits of using concentrates?

Some of the known benefits of using concentrates are providing a fast and powerful dose of cannabis to people who may need serious pain relief or an experienced user who has a high tolerance for marijuana. Concentrates are considered to be healthier than smoking cannabis because the extraction process gets rid of the resin-producing plant material. If you are looking for fast-acting relief at a high dose, concentrates can be an efficient way to deliver relief.

What is cannabis extraction?

The process of cannabis extraction is similar to creating essential oils, producing vitamins, decaffeinating coffee. The goal of this process is to extract the main compounds or cannabinoids from cannabis which are THC, CBD, and terpenes, these compounds provide the smell, flavor, relief, and effects of the end product.

How are cannabis concentrates extracted?

The processes of cannabis extraction have a variety of different methods and solvents that use pressure in a closed loop system. Based on extraction methods cannabis concentrates can be placed into two categories:

Solvent Extractions

Solvents extractions separate the compounds from the plant which leaves behind an extremely potent liquid solution. Some popular varieties of solvents are butane, propane, CO2, and alcohol.

Solventless Extractions

Solventless extractions do not use any foreign substances during the extraction process. Water is used in this process and is technically a solvent but is not considered a foreign material. One of the most common solventless extractions is Ice-water extraction.

How do I determine a concentrate’s quality?

Recognizing the quality of concentrates can sometimes be difficult, but for the most part, people refer to concentrates and base the quality of concentrates and their consistency. The same extraction method can create a variety of textures in the final product, so it does not always portray the quality. The only way to determine the quality of a cannabis concentrate is to have it tested in a lab. These tests would be able to measure cannabinoid content, contaminants, residual solvents, and many other qualities of the final product.  

What are the types of concentrates?

Shatter (Glass, Slabs, Sheets)

Shatter is one of the most popular and potent forms of concentrates also referred to as glass, slabs or sheets. Shatter is typically smooth, stable, transparent and is known to be one of the purest forms because there is a second process of extraction that removes waxes, lipids, and fats. The final product of shatter can contain up to 80% THC compared to a cannabis bud which ranges from around 10%-30% THC.

Wax (Budder, Crumble, Honeycomb)

Wax is unlike shatter in the fact that they lose their transparency in the extraction process. Wax also is known as budder or crumble and can take on different consistencies based on moisture, heat and the texture.
Oils that are a liquid consistency tend to have more moisture and create a drippy wax referred to as budder, while some with a harder consistency are more likely to take on a dryer texture known as crumble. A handful of waxes retain more terpenes and usually contain more flavor.


Oil is a sticky liquid that can be very difficult to handle. Also known as hash oil, CO2 oil, butane hash oil, BHO or RSO,  this form of cannabis concentrate can retain full flavor and THC levels tend to be very high.

Rosin (Live Rosin, Resin)

Rosin otherwise known as live rosin or resin, is created by a method that uses low heat and high pressure to extract from flower instead of using solvents. This extraction method is relatively simple and only requires flower, parchment paper, and hair straightener.

Hash (Hashish, Ice Water Hash, Bubble Hash)

Hash has been around for a long time and is one of the first forms of cannabis concentrates. Hash is essentially cannabis that has been heated and pressurized to form a soft ball like substance. Also known a Hashish, ice water hash or bubble hash, this form of concentrate is common and was one of the only cannabis concentrates before the scientific progression of concentrates five years ago.

How do I consume concentrates?

There are many different ways to consume cannabis extracts; each way tends to have a certain level of difficulty and some form of equipment required. The general overview of using them is a device heats a concentrate until the vapor is produced and inhaled by the user.

Vape Pens

Vaporizer pens offer a portable way to smoke shatter, wax or oil. Some pens have internal chambers where you load the hash, this method still produces a cannabis scented smell, while some pens use a pre-loaded cartridge that produces a discreet odor which would be better for smoking in public.

Dab Rig

A dab rig is similar to a water pipe but tends to be much smaller in size and has a different style of bowl peice where the cannabis or cannabis concentrates would ignite. This method tends to be difficult at first but is very common among concentrate users, and new technology to use concentrates is hitting the market every day are making concentrates easier and easier to use.

The progression of cannabis concentrates in the past five years has ignited a fire in the industry resulting in the creation of new types, extraction methods, and consumption methods which are changing every day.
Whether your an experienced user or you are seeking relief; cannabis concentrates are an efficient delivery method of cannabis.


Healthy Cannabis Edibles

5 Healthy Cannabis-Infused Edibles That are Easy to Make!

All marijuana-infused edibles and food use one of the 2-3 base ingredients that make it simple to incorporate cannabis into anything! Below we will go over the step by step process on how to make cannabis-infused butter, cannabis-infused-oil, and cannabis-infused coconut oil. These will be the base ingredients for all of the marijuana-infused edibles we will be explaining below and can also be the base ingredients for any cannabis-infused food you want to make!

Cannabis Butter

Kitchen utensils:

  • Kitchen pot or pan
  • Plastic or glass container
  • Metal Strainer
  • Cheesecloth(cotton cloth)


  • 1 ounce of cannabis
  • 1 cup of water
  • 1 pound of butter


  1. Take the kitchen pot and fill with water set it to low heat around 250°F
  2. Set the temperature around 250°F
  3. Place butter into the kitchen pot
  4. Grind up 1 ounce of cannabis
  5. After the butter melts, add ground cannabis into the kitchen pot
  6. Let the mixture cook for about 2-3 hours
  7. Stir the mixture every 15 minutes
  8. Keep a close eye on the Kitchen pot and make sure the marijuana is spread evenly throughout the mixture.
  9. The mix will look glossy and thick when it’s ready.
  10. Let the mix cool down
  11. Once the mix is cool pour the butter through the cheesecloth covering you metal strainer into your plastic or glass container.
  12. Refrigerate the butter overnight.

Cannabis Oil

Kitchen utensils:

  • Spoon
  • Saucepan
  • Plastic or glass container
  • Metal strainer
  • Cheesecloth(cotton cloth)


  • 2 cups of vegetable or olive oil
  • 1 ounce of cannabis


  1. Heat saucepan on low heat just before boiling point around 245°F
  2. Pour two cups of vegetable or olive oil into the pan
  3. Grind cannabis
  4. Add ground cannabis to the vegetable or olive oil
  5. Cook cannabis oil for about 2-3 hours
  6. Stir every 15 minutes to avoid boiling
  7. After 2-3 hours let the oil cool down
  8. Once the oil is cooled down pour the oil through the cheesecloth covering you metal strainer into your glass container.
  9. Pour into a container.
  10. Refrigerate the oil overnight.

Cannabis Coconut Oil

Coconut oil has a high content of saturated fat and is extremely useful for extracting THC. This type of cooking oil absorbs more cannabinoids than oils and butter and is an excellent alternative to marijuana oil or marijuana butter.

Kitchen utensils:

  • Crockpot
  • Metal strainer
  • Thermometer
  • Cheesecloth(cotton cloth)
  • Glass container


  • 14-28 grams of ground cannabis
  • 1 cup of Water
  • 2 cups of Coconut oil


  1. Fill Crockpot with coconut oil(leave enough room to add water until the oil floats)
  2. Set Crockpot Dial high and cook the oil until it turns to liquid
  3. When the temperature of the coconut oil reaches 250°F, turn the heat down slightly and keep around 230-250°F.
  4. Stir regularly and make sure the cannabis coconut oil remains around 250°F.
  5. After 12-15 hours, turn the crockpot off and let the oil cool down.
  6. Once the oil is cooled down pour the oil through the cheesecloth covering your metal strainer into your glass container.

Refrigerate container overnight before using.

Let us begin with some basic rules to follow with cooking with cannabis.

When cooking with cannabis use low temperatures and cook over a long period of time, this will help keep the THC intact. The breakdown of THC happens at around 390 degrees Fahrenheit, there will always be a gradual breakdown of THC that starts before that but once you get to 390 or above you risk losing THC content which can make the effects of your infused dish much less effective. Do not use paper towels or coffee filters to strain the cannabis oil, they are not strong enough and have a high chance of contaminating you cannabis-infused oil. Lastly, do not use a microwave oven to cook or heat marijuana or cannabis-infused foods. Microwaves can leave something burnt on the outside but still uncooked on the inside and is somewhat unpredictable. Always use ovens and stovetops when cooking cannabis-infused foods. Now here are five healthy cannabis-infused edibles that are easy to make once you have created your Cannabis butter, Cannabis oil, and Cannabis coconut oil!

1. Cannabis infused Guacamole


  • 4 avocados, peeled and pits removed, save one of the pits
  • 1 cucumber, peeled and seed removed and diced
  • ½ cup of chopped green onions
  • 2 cloves of minced garlic
  • ½ cup of cannabis oil
  • ½ jalapeno pepper
  • ½ cup of chopped cilantro
  • 2 limes
  • 1 teaspoon of kosher salt


  • Combine all ingredients in a blender.
  • Blend until the mixture is smooth.
  • Place blended guac in a plastic container or bowl.
  • Best used within one day.


2. Cannabis Infused Brownies


  • 1 cup almond butter
  • 1/3 cup maple syrup or honey
  • 1 egg or flax egg (vegan)
  • 2 tbsp cannabis infused coconut oil
  • 1 tsp pure vanilla extract
  • 1/3 cup raw cacao powder
  • 1/2 tsp baking soda


  1. Preheat oven to 325°F
  2. Line your baking pan with parchment paper.
  3. Mix the almond butter, maple syrup, flax egg, vanilla, and cannabis-infused coconut oil in a bowl till you have an even mix.
  4. Add baking soda and cacao powder.
  5. Spread the batter evenly across the baking pan.
  6. Bake for 20 minutes, and enjoy!


3. Cannabis Infused Smoothie


  • 1 banana, peeled and sliced
  • 2 cups strawberries
  • 1 cup of soy, almond or hemp milk
  • 1/2 cup soy yogurt
  • 1/2 cup 100% orange juice
  • ¼ cup of cannabis-infused coconut oil


  1. Place all ingredients into a blender.
  2. Blend till all ingredients mix evenly.
  3. Pour into a glass an enjoy!


4. Cannabis Infused Blueberry Muffins


  • 1 ½ cups of white wheat flour- (set aside 1 teaspoon)
  • 3/4 cup old-fashioned rolled oats
  • ½ of a cup of organic brown sugar(coconut sugar)
  • 1 tablespoon of baking powder
  • ½ teaspoon of nutmeg
  • ½ teaspoon of kosher salt
  • 1 cup of nonfat milk
  • ¼ cup of unsalted butter
  • 2 eggs
  • 2 teaspoons of pure vanilla extract
  • 1 cup of blueberries
  • ¼ cup of cannabis-infused coconut oil


  1. Preheat oven to 350° F.
  2. Use non-stick spray to coat muffin tin.
  3. In a large bowl mix together the white whole wheat flour, rolled oats, organic brown sugar, baking powder, nutmeg, and kosher salt.
  4. In another bowl mix the nonfat milk, unsalted butter, eggs, pure vanilla extract and ¼ cup of cannabis-infused coconut oil.  
  5. Mix the bowl of ingredients from step 4 in the large bowl from step 3 until its blended.
  6. Toss the blueberries with the remaining tablespoon of flour and then pour them into the batter.
  7. Pour the mixture evenly into the muffin tin and bake for 15-20 minutes until golden brown.
  8. Let the muffins cool down for 10 minutes and enjoy!


5. Cannabis Infused Kale Chips


  • 1 teaspoon of kosher salt
  • 1 teaspoon of pepper
  • 1 kale bunch
  • 3 tablespoons of cannabis-infused oil


  1. Preheat oven 350°F
  2. Wash the kale thoroughly and dry them
  3. Remove the kale leaves from the stems and cut into small chip size pieces
  4. Take a baking sheet and cover with parchment paper.
  5. Place kale chips on the baking sheet.
  6. Slowly pour cannabis oil over the chips.
  7. Sprinkle the pepper and kosher salt over the chips.
  8. Place the chips in the oven until the edges of the chips turn brown but do not leave them in for more than 10 minutes.
  9. Let the chips cool off and then enjoy your cannabis-infused kale chips.



How To Tell The Difference Between Indica vs. Sativa

How to tell the difference between

Indica vs. Sativa


The first recorded observations of the differences between Indica and Sativa cannabis plants dates back to the 18th century. People started noticing that cannabis plants had differences in their structure and resin production. Fast forward to today and we now have established standards and conditions for each type of cannabis plant.

Let’s begin by defining cannabis. Cannabis is a type of flowering plant that has several species within the plant. The three main species of cannabis are Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Ruderalis. While all three of these subspecies have very distinguishable appearances and physiological effects, we will only be focusing on Indica and Sativa as Ruderalis plants are small and produce very little medicine that is useful to the medical and recreational cannabis community.   

Indica and Sativa are the most common cannabis plants and each type provides its own unique effects physically and mentally. These effects result in a large spectrum of medicinal benefits. It is generally known that strains of cannabis-derived from Indica create an effect of deep relaxation and Sativa leans more towards a more energizing experience.

The unique effects of Cannabis are now recognized as having medical benefits which aid a wide variety of medical conditions from common to more serious diseases. It’s important to understand which type of cannabis species you are consuming because each strain has its own effects and can have positive or negative effects depending on the individual.


Cannabis Sativa is essentially the opposite of Indica in look, feel, taste, smell, even the structure of the plants growing cycle is extremely different. Cannabis Sativa is indigenous to the warm climates of Central America, and Southeast Asia. This tropical habitat of Sativas tells us that these plants thrive in the heat and the outdoors. Sativa plants are generally much taller than Indica and can grow higher than 25 feet tall but usually stay under 12 feet. Sativa plants are thin and have wide spaces between their branches compared to Indica. They have thin leaves with branches that grow long and sprout narrow leaves that are usually light green in color. Sativa buds are longer and thinner with bud particles that almost look like tiny hairs. While the bud itself may appear larger than those from an Indica plant, they tend to be a bit lighter when you actually weigh them out. The growing cycle of a Sativa is much longer to reach a plant’s full maturity, this also requires significantly more light than the Indica plant. The potency of a Sativa bud usually has low CBD count and very high THC counts. These are the main character traits of Cannabis Sativa, now let’s take a look at some of the most known medical benefits of this species of cannabis.       


Some of the well-known effects from Sativa cannabis are:     

  • Anti-anxiety
  • Anti-depression
  • Focus
  • Creativity
  • Help with chronic pain  
  • Increase your serotonin

Smell, taste and High

When is come to the smell, taste and high of Sativa we see differing effects verse the Indica plant. We often find an uplifting and energizing feeling from Sativa strains and the high is stimulating and better suited for daytime use. Sativa strains often aid in better focus, conversation and can increase creativity.

A quality Sativa should give a similar stimulation compared to a cup of coffee. Sativa strains are known to be very pungent in smell, having aromas from sweet and fruity to earthy undertones. You are most likely to find sweet and tropical aromas in Sativa strains. Now let’s take a look into Cannabis Indica!



Cannabis Indica is said to have originated in the Hindu Kush region near Afghanistan, and in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Due to extreme and harsh weather conditions from where this species of cannabis originated from it has developed a thick layer of resin to protect itself. Indica plants are typically short and bushy usually between 3-6 feet tall. They have a strong stem with short and wide leaves, they have a dark green and sometimes even shades of purple. The buds that are produced from Indica plants are dense, wide and bulky. This makes it easier to grow indoors because the plants do not need as much space to reach full maturity as a Sativa would need. Indica plants typically grow faster and have a higher yield than the Sativa variety. The cannabinoids produced from Indica plants have higher CBD and lower THC counts.  


Some of the well-known effects from Indica cannabis are:

  • Increases appetite
  • Increases dopamine
  • Increased mental relaxation
  • Decreased Nausea
  • Decrease pain
  • Muscle relaxation

Smell, taste and High

Now let’s take a look at the smell, taste and high of Cannabis Indica. Indica plants are known to give more of a body rather than a cerebral one. The flavors and smells of an Indica strain typically go along the lines of earthy, fruity and Skunky. Overall Indica is a better suited for night time use and will produce a more sedative high verse the energetic high of a Sativa providing deep relaxation, sleep, relieves pain and even stimulates appetite.

A handful of the common benefits to the strain are muscle relaxation, pain relieving, and a full body sedative effect. When consuming cannabis Indica you can expect to have a more concentrated effect in your body and limbs when medicating. Indica is also well known for its effects with anti-anxiety and being an extremely effective treatment for anxiety.

When using cannabis recreationally or medicinally it is extremely important to understand the difference between Indica and Sativa. We have learned that they have many differences from the way they look, smell and grow but also the different effects that each species provides. This will help you choose the right strain for you because we are all different and have different conditions that need to be treated.


Cannabis Shortages After Legalization

Cannabis Shortages After Legalization

Just a few weeks after Canada’s milestone legalization of recreational marijuana, dispensaries all over Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick are cutting back hours or temporarily shutting down due to low cannabis supplies. This raises a lot of questions about the future of the cannabis industry in Canada and other countries looking to follow their lead. It seems that the transition from prohibition to legalization is much more complicated than simply amending and enforcing laws and regulations, and although upsetting for many Canadian stoners, this dry spell does not come as a complete shock.

Why is there a marijuana shortage?

Experts are blaming the shortages partly on a miscalculation of demand. Marijuana has been illegal in Canada since the early 1900’s, and although it has become more accepted in the medical community over the last decade, full legalization is still widely uncharted territory. Canada is only the second country ever to fully legalize marijuana, and after such a long period of prohibition, it was difficult for the government to accurately estimate what products would be in highest demand.

This has been reflected in their licensing process, with only 132 producers approved so far.  Of the 132, only 78 of them have received full sales licenses. It no surprise that a bottleneck would arise when there are such a limited amount of wholesale producers legally in business. Furthermore, many of these producing facilities have not yet reached full growth capacity, as they were not issued their licenses early enough, prior to legalization day.

Now that many of these facilities have been completely stripped of their available cannabis stock, all they can do is wait for more plants to grow. It is clear that the slow-churn of bureaucracy has had a direct effect on the supply and demand of cannabis in Canada, and with the explosion in demand since October 17th, these shortages may last longer than we hope.

Regardless of who or what is at fault, dearth marijuana supplies have pushed many users back into the clutches of the black market, reaching out to dealers and illegal delivery services to get their high. This, unfortunately, is exactly what the Canadian government was trying to avoid by legalizing cannabis, suggesting that further reform of regulation and producer licensing may be necessary.

Who is most affected?

The biggest shortages have been seen in the eastern provinces, including Quebec, Ontario, and New Brunswick. Days after legalization, dispensaries in Quebec were forced to turn away customers who had been waiting in line for hours. The province has been forced to shut-down their 12 government-run dispensaries for 3 full days each week to deal with the cannabis crisis.

In Ontario, which sells marijuana exclusively online, many dispensary website servers were over-flooded with orders, resulting in glitches, sold-out products, and website crashes in some cases. Many dispensaries are completely back-logged in orders, forced to issue refunds amidst the chaos.

Limited supplies have also lead to high conflict between dispensaries as they all struggle to get their hands on any product, sighting reform of regulations in Alberta. Alberta gaming, liquor, and cannabis have made it so dispensaries are no longer allowed to order wholesale cannabis online, and need to fill out orders manually, in the hopes that this will make the rationing of supplies fairer.

So where can I buy cannabis?

Many law-abiding stoners have turned to online dispensaries for their fix, even crashing a few sites with the influx of web traffic. Some of these online stores have also been affected by the shortages, leaving online consumers with a more limited selection of cannabis products than usual. Luckily for dispensaries like Terra, the producers work more exclusively and therefore are not as affected by the scarcity. So, where can you buy cannabis? Click here to view all our available flower products.

About Terra

If you’re searching for a place to buy marijuana online, look no further. Terra is Canada’s leading online marijuana dispensary that ships directly to you, no matter where you are in the country. We provide fast and discreet shipping on all of our products. Ordering with us is as simple as signing up for an account, placing your order, and submitting payment via e-transfer.

Check out our wide selection of flower, concentrates, edibles, and vape pens. If you’re having trouble deciding or have questions about any of our marijuana products, hit us up and we’d be happy to lend a hand.

Preventing The Winter Blues

Preventing The Winter Blues

The leaves are changing, morning coffee has become a life or death decision and the morning air has your bed feeling like a safe haven. The thought of smashing your alarm clock and going back to sleep has never sounded better. Yes, the winter months have arrived and are in full effect. This could mean one of two things; you are ecstatic for the snow to start falling and are fully prepared for Christmas songs to become the background music to your everyday life, or the sheer thought of this time of the year drags you deep into the winter blues.

What exactly are the winter blues? Well, if you have them you’re probably already four seasons into the latest Netflix special that came out a few days ago. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), also known as seasonal depression, is generally a recurring mood disorder that happens in the fall or winter months, but it can affect some in spring or early summer.

A few symptoms include; lack of energy, fatigue, increased desire to be alone, weight gain, trouble concentrating and a greater need for sleep. Some scientists have concluded this disorder may be linked to a shortage of serotonin, a neurotransmitter organically made in the brain, due to the shortened daylight hours during winter months (lack of sunlight).

The benefits of this chemical messenger are how it regulates mood, nausea, sleep, emotions and even sexual function. Luckily for you, cannabis can be a cure for seasonal depression, and we’ve put together a guide to help you discover the many ways it can help.

How Cannabis Can Help Seasonal Depression

Now that cannabis has become legal across Canada, everyone has the opportunity to test the many benefits it has on the winter blues. Getting back to serotonin levels, cannabis is known to adjust these levels in a positive way. For instance, CBD and THC are two cannabinoids that play a unique role in our bodies endocannabinoid system. They both allow neurotransmitters to bind with cannabinoids, allowing for symptoms of winter blues to be prevented by reducing feelings of depression.

Cannabis has been helping patients prevent depression for longer than you might think. Robert Burton, author of The Anatomy of Melancholy, recommended its use in his book in 1621. Up to this point, cannabis has been largely pushed under the rug by the vast majority of doctors, due to legal liabilities. Luckily, times are changing with more and more countries loosening their legal grip on medical and recreational cannabis. With that in mind, let’s get back to how cannabis can help you get back to your daily routine and out of the rut this winter has put you in.

Finding the Perfect Balance

Before we discuss the different strains that can help prevent seasonal affective disorder, it is important to know that cannabis affects everyone differently. It is not a one-size-fits-all medication. One strain may be beneficial for increasing mood/energy for one person, but it may not be as beneficial for someone else in search of the same effects. In order to help find which strains are the best option for you, a weed journal may be beneficial to keep track of how you feel and the benefits you experience. Below are a few recommendations that may help eliminate the side effects of seasonal affective disorder. All strains can be purchased online at Terra cannabis, Canada’s #1 cannabis delivery service.  The difference between a sativa and an indica strain can be found here.

Blue Dream

Start your morning off right with this legendary West Coast sativa-dominant hybrid. Balancing full-body relaxation with gentle cerebral invigoration, Blue Dream will leave you on cloud nine with happy, euphoric, relaxed feelings that will help eliminate those dreaded mornings. Medical benefits include; stress, depression, pain, insomnia and lack of appetite.

Blue Nuken

God Bud, Shishkaberry and Blueberry is a rare combination like no other, creating Blue Nuken. This strain offers the best of both Sativa and Indica by providing an undeniably strong high with feelings of relaxation, happiness, and euphoria. It’s sweet earthy aroma of fresh herbs and grass is enough to bring a smile to your face. Although strong, Blue Nuken allows you to stay functional enough to power through the day.

Sour Tangie

This sativa dominant strain is the perfect match to fight seasonal affective disorder symptoms. It is an 80% sativa cross between East Coast Sour Diesel and Tangie, which brings together the classic Sour Diesel aroma with an elevation buzz and strong citrus overtones. Its effects make you feel happy, uplifted, energetic, euphoric and relaxed. On the medical side, this strain helps with stress, depression, and fatigue. If you are someone that needs help with emotion and energy levels, Sour Tangie is the ideal strain for you.

Larry OG Strain

Many of us need a little extra kick start to our day during winter months. Larry OG is the perfect balance of a potent yet easy body buzz that will allow you to reduce stress/depression without being glued to the couch. Its effects are happy and euphoric but not overwhelming, allowing you to go throughout your day without the burden of the winter blues holding you back. This strain is an indica cross between OG Kush and SFV OG with lemon, pine and citrus flavours.  

Stay Active, Stay Positive

“You just can’t live in that negative way, make way for the positive day,” a quote from Bob Marley. Everyone has experienced the annoying downfalls to winter blues in one way or another, the important thing to remember is cannabis can be used to prevent these downfalls. Don’t let the winter months prevent you from doing the things you love and enjoy, fight back and get your medication delivered today!