CBD products have become increasingly popular over recent years—making it overwhelming as a consumer to fully understand what CBD is, all of the forms that it comes in, and the vast array of medical benefits that it offers. Although we may understand its medical benefits in a basic sense, it can be difficult to absorb all of the detailed information out there on compounds of the marijuana plant. At Terra, we carry our own line of CBD products that are great for pain relief, anxiety relief, depression relief, and a plethora of other health benefits.

We’re here to give you a basic introduction to CBD and help you learn if it is something that you can incorporate into your daily routine to

Cannabidiol (CBD)


Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) are the two compounds that are most prevalent in the cannabis plant. From a molecular standpoint, these compounds have the same structure, consisting of 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. The two compounds differ in the way that their atoms are arranged. This is what makes the two compounds affect the body differently, which we’ll get to shortly.

What Does CBD Do? 


For decades, the medical field and medical professionals have over-looked the healing properties of CBD by instead focusing on the cerebral effects associated with THC consumption. Recent developments and studies have changed the common perception that surrounds CBD, and it is being used by many people to combat an array of medical issues.

CBD affects the body by attaching to CB1 and CB2 receptors that are found across the body, in the brain and the immune system. The most common uses of CBD include pain relief associated with various disorders, anxiety relief, and even as a method of fighting cancer. Although the extent of its benefits ks sometimes unclear, it’s undeniable that CBD offers relief for a variety of different physical and mental ailments.

THC & CBD: What’s the Difference?


THC and CBD differ in the way that they affect the body. CBD is completely non-psychoactive, meaning that if you take CBD, you will not feel “high.” THC, on the other hand, offers a cerebral high feeling that is commonly associated with consuming marijuana through smoking or edibles.

When we’re talking about cannabis and psychoactivity, we’re dealing exclusively with CB1 receptors found in the brain and central nervous system. The difference between CBD and THC comes down to a basic difference of how each compound interacts with the cannabinoid 1 receptor.

THC directly stimulates the CB1 receptor. This interaction underlies the major psychoactive effects of Cannabis consumption (otherwise known as the “warm fuzzies”).

CBD reduces, or “antagonizes,” THC’s ability to stimulate CB1 receptors. This can decrease some of THC’s effects, especially negative effects like anxiety and short-term memory impairment.

As mentioned before, CBD doesn’t have the same kind of cognitive effect as THC, but the two can be administered together to create a balance. Adding CBD can mitigate a high THC strain’s intense psychoactive effects and help cannabis users achieve a highly customized and tailored experience.

Each marijuana strain is on a THC-to-CBD ratio spectrum; some have higher levels of THC and lower amounts of CBD, and some the opposite. Strains with the highest CBD levels include Charlotte’s Web, Harlequin, Sour Tsunami and Cannatonic.

CBD has been shown to reduce anxiety and paranoia, serve as an antipsychotic and boost energy. It’s also used to treat inflammation and pain. Patients with epilepsy, bacterial infections, menstrual cramps, arthritis and intestinal issues can all benefit from taking CBD. Not bad at all for just one little plant! 

 So what are the known benefits?


 To date, studies have linked CBD to:

  • Pain relieving properties
  • Anticancer properties
  • Reducing anxiety
  • Prevention in diabetic neuropathy
  • Nerve protection properties
  • Reduction of psychotic symptoms
  • Relief from nausea
  • Decreased inflammation

Ultimately, research shows that CBD benefits include acting as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent, and is, therefore, a potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, vomiting and nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia.

As more scientific studies are allowed to be conducted on cannabis—our knowledge of the health benefits will continue to expand. As of now, multiple scholarly resources already speak about its medical applications and the future promise that CBD holds.

What Are the Forms of CBD?


One of the most difficult obstacles to overcome for those who are new to the wonderful world of CBD is that of which product to choose. With so many products now readily available, from balms to tinctures to oils to isolate, this decision can be very intimidating simply because one isn’t certain what will work best for them.

This is what makes CBD crystalline isolate so great. Isolates are by far the most versatile CBD product available because they can be utilized in so many different ways.

The most popular method of CBD medication is making oils for sublingual or topical use. CBD crystalline is oil-soluble, meaning it will fully dissolve in oils. This is great for patients because it gives great versatility as to how their CBD can be utilized. You can dissolve it with a nice olive oil and use it on food. You can add it to coconut or MCT oil and drip it under your tongue. You can add it to hempseed oil and rub it directly onto the skin to treat pain at the source. The choice is up to the patient. We recommend starting with a relatively low dose (around 100mg or .1 grams) added to around 10ml of the oil of your choice.

Further methods are available such as: directly sprinkling the isolate onto your tongue, putting some into a joint or even dabbing it alongside one of your favourite concentrates!

Check out our offering of CBD crystalline here.

What Product is Right for Me? 


Marijuana products vary in their levels of CBD and THC. The contents of each product are usually measured in ratios. For example, a 1:1 tincture has the same THC and CBD content, and will produce balanced effects. A 10:1 tincture that is higher in THC will produce more a euphoric, “high” feeling than a product with higher CBD content.

It is possible to purchase CBD products that contain no THC, such as CBD capsules, CBD oil, body creams, pain rubs, and more. Please note: some CBD products still contain small trace amounts of THC even though they do not produce a high. Always check labels for a zero THC guarantee if you’re concerned with the potential of the presence of THC.

Choosing a product that is right for you depends entirely on your personal situation: what you’re looking to get out of your experience with marijuana, and the symptoms associated with your condition if you’re consuming marijuana for medical reasons. We recommend starting out with lower doses of marijuana and slowly increasing your intake to see how it affects you.

Please contact us if you have any questions about THC and CBD or if you need help picking out marijuana strains that are right for you.

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